<<Design Index<<Back to Knowledgebase

  A. General Design of Spatial Structures
  B. Different Configurations of Spatial Structures
  C. Components of Spatial Structures
  D. Spatial Structures Under Loads
  E. Issues Related to the Design of Spatial Structures


General Design of Spatial Structures

<< 1 2 >>

(1) Architectural Issues

In the overall layout of spatial structures, the following considerations should be kept in mind by the architect:

  1. The geometric configuration (repeating pattern) should be distinguishable.

  2. The connection (node) size as compared to the member size should be small.

    Architectural Aspect of Connector Size in Spatial Structures

  3. The support structure should be adaptable with the building architecture and layout.

  4. Columns should be placed inside the outer edge of the building. This helps with the aesthetics and at the same time reduces the forces in the spatial structure members.

    Column Placement in Spatial Structures

  5. Equal number of modules in both directions and equal inclination angle of diagonals are aesthetically more pleasing.

    Architectural Aspects of Number of Modules and Inclination Angle on Spatial Structures

  6. A small or medium size spatial structure creates a more pleasing configuration. For large complex spatial structures one may need to paint the structural members in different colors to clarify the patterns used.

  7. Since most spatial structures are exposed, use color to differentiate them from the ducts, pipes, and other components in the ceiling.

    Architectural Aspects of Mechanical/Electrical Systems on Spatial Structures

<< 1 2 >>


<<Design Index<<Back to Knowledgebase



© 2011 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University